Official development assistance

In 2018, the Belgian official development assistance amounted to 0.43% of gross national income. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must be increased to 0.7%. This objective will not be reached by continuing the trend since 2000. Official development assistance is therefore developing unfavourably.

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Official development assistance - Belgium - trend assessment

percentage of gross national income

 2000200520102015201620172018202020252030
observations0.360.530.640.420.500.450.43------
trend and extrapolation0.400.480.510.470.460.450.440.430.400.39
objective0.700.700.700.700.700.700.700.700.700.70

OECD (2019), OECD.Stat, Theme: Development > Flows by Provider > Total flows by donor (ODA+OOF+Private) [DAC1], https://stats.oecd.org/ (consulted on 11/04/2019); calculations FPB.

Official development assistance - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of gross national income

 199020002010201320152016201720182018//19902018//2013
Belgium0.460.360.640.450.420.500.450.43-0.20-1.02
OECD DAC0.320.220.310.300.300.320.310.31-0.110.66
EU28----0.440.410.460.530.50------
//: Average Growth Rates

2018: provisional and break in time series; 2016, EU28: break in time series; 2017, EU28: provisional

OECD (2019), OECD.Stat, Theme: Development > Flows by Provider > Total flows by donor (ODA+OOF+Private) [DAC1], https://stats.oecd.org/ and Eurostat (2019), Official development assistance as share of gross national income [sdg_17_10], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 11/04/2019).

Definition: official development assistance (ODA) consists of grants and loans (on concessional financial terms) provided by the public sector to developing countries and with economic and social development as the main objective. The ODA comprises both financial flows and the so-called technical assistance. Some contributions to international institutions are also covered by the ODA. This indicator is expressed as a percentage of the gross national income. The statistics on development assistance are compiled according to the rules of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The data for Belgium and the DAC countries come from the OECD and those for the EU28 from Eurostat.

Goal: spend 0.7 per cent of the gross national income on official development assistance.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 17.2: “Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries; ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries.”

In Belgium the quantitative target of 0.7 per cent is stated in the Act of 19 March 2013 on Belgian development cooperation (Belgian Official Gazette 12/04/2013, article 9).

International comparison: when the DAC countries are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group that performs best in 2018: Belgium ranks 9th out of 29 countries and performs better than the DAC average. Five countries have reached the 0.7% target: Sweden, Luxemburg, Norway, Denmark and the United Kingdom. The total ODA of the DAC countries was 153 billion US dollars during that year or 0.31% of their total GNI. More than half of the DAC assistance comes from the EU Member States: in 2018 that was 56.5% of the total. In absolute figures the United States was the largest donor, followed by Germany, the United Kingdom, Japan and France, while Belgium ranked 16th. Since 1990 the Belgian ODA in per cent of the GNI remains higher than the DAC average. Until 2014 Belgium performed better than the EU28 average.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to 17.2.1 - Net official development assistance, total and to least developed countries, as a proportion of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee donors’ gross national income (GNI).

Sources

  • General

    • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

    • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

    • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

    • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).
  • Specific

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).