Assessment of Sustainable development indicators

In the Assessment of sustainable development indicators, the Federal Planning Bureau assesses for Belgium the trends of 51 indicators towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs, adopted by the United Nations in 2015: Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development). This assessment is the continuation of the ones published since 2005 in the Federal Sustainable Development Reports (Act of 5 May 1997 on sustainable development, text in PDF in French and Dutch).

For 26 of these 51 indicators, policy makers have set a target, a precise value to be reached by 2030. For the other 25 indicators, only a desired direction was determined. The assessment result for each indicator is represented by an icon.


2021–November (adapted) Assessment of 51 indicators
Result Trend assessment Total
towards target in desired direction
Favourable 9 8 17
Impossible/undetermined 1 12 13
Unfavourable 16 5 21
Total 26 25 51


More information on this assessment and the assessment method is provided in the report Sustainable Development Indicators 2022 (chapter 2; report available in French and Dutch).
On the website of the Federal Planning Bureau, an article on the 2021–June Assessment (Trend break needed to achieve all SDGs by 2030), the 2019 Sustainable Development Report, in French and Dutch (chapter 1 examines Belgium's progress towards the SDGs) and previous assessment results (2017 Sustainable Development Report, in French and Dutch - chapter 2; 2016 Assessment, in French and Dutch; and 2015 Assessment, in French and Dutch) are available.


No poverty Risk of poverty or social exclusion
Very low work intensity
Over-indebtedness of households
Zero hunger Adult obesity
Meat consumption
Organic agriculture area
Good health and well-being Healthy life years
Premature deaths due to chronic diseases
Daily smokers
Quality education Early school leavers
Lifelong learning
Underachievement in reading
Gender equality Gender pay gap
Inactive population due to caring responsibilities
Female members of parliament
Clean water and sanitation Nitrates in river water
Nitrates in groundwater
Water consumption
Affordable and clean energy Dwellings without adequate heating
Renewable energy
Energy productivity
Decent work and economic growth Unemployment rate
Youth not in employment, education or training
Fatal accidents at work
Industry, innovation and infrastructure Passenger transport by car
Road freight transport
Research and development
Reduced inequalities Risk of poverty
Depth of risk of poverty
Income inequality: Gini index 
Sustainable cities and communities Inadequate dwelling
Exposure to particulate matter
Noise pollution
Responsible consumption and production Domestic material consumption
Hazardous waste
Waste recycling
Climate action Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS
Natural disaster victims
Contribution to international climate fund
Life below water Oil pollution
Sustainable fisheries
Natura 2000 protected marine area
Life on land Natura 2000 protected land area
Forests with FSC or PEFC label
Farmland bird population
Peace, justice and strong institutions Security feeling in public spaces
Corruption Perceptions Index
Trust in institutions
Partnerships for the goals Official development assistance
Official development assistance to least developed countries
Public debt