Security feeling in public spaces

In 2016, 81.4% of the population aged 15 and over in Belgium felt safe in public spaces. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must increase. This objective will be reached by continuing the trend since 2002. The security feeling in public spaces is therefore developing favourably.

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Security feeling in public spaces - Belgium and international comparison

answers 'very safe' and 'safe'

percentage of population aged 15 years and over

 200220042006200820102012201420162016//20022016//2010
Belgium76.276.578.880.481.080.778.781.40.50.1
Germany73.773.476.176.976.877.176.972.7-0.1-0.9
France68.572.873.174.873.173.172.374.90.60.4
Netherlands81.583.082.881.984.286.284.785.00.30.1
//: Average Growth Rates

Calculations FPB based on ESS (2018), Dataset European Social Survey, http://www.europeansocialsurvey.org/ (consulted on 25/10/2018).

Security feeling in public spaces by sex - Belgium

answers 'very safe' and 'safe'

percentage of population aged 15 years and over

 200220042006200820102012201420162016//20022016//2010
females68.767.269.372.372.572.769.671.00.2-0.3
males84.586.488.888.989.989.188.692.20.60.4
//: Average Growth Rates

Calculations FPB based on ESS (2018), Dataset European Social Survey, http://www.europeansocialsurvey.org/ (consulted on 25/10/2018).

Security feeling in public spaces by income - Belgium

answers 'very safe' and 'safe'

percentage of population aged 15 years and over

 20102012201420162016//2010
quintile 165.964.675.273.61.9
quintile 277.075.976.577.70.1
quintile 382.282.877.678.3-0.8
quintile 484.886.983.087.70.5
quintile 589.589.585.390.30.1
//: Average Growth Rates

Calculations FPB based on ESS (2018), Dataset European Social Survey, http://www.europeansocialsurvey.org/ (consulted on 25/10/2018).

Definition: the security feeling in public spaces is the share of respondents of the European Social Survey (ESS) that answered "very safe" or "safe" to the following question: “How safe do you – or would you - feel walking alone in this area after dark?”. This question was covered in each of the eight biannual ESS surveys. The FPB calculates the indicator using the ESS data. Since these data are based on a survey, a margin of uncertainty has to be taken into account. The confidence intervals for this indicator are provided in Annex 1 to the report Complementary indicators to GDP.

Goal: the security feeling of the population in public spaces must increase.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 16.1: “Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere”.

International comparison: in Belgium in 2016, more people declare that they feel safe or very safe when they walk alone in their area after dark (81.4%) than in Germany (72.7%) and France (74.9%). In the Netherlands (85.0%) more people declare that they feel (very) safe than in Belgium.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 16.1.4 - Proportion of population that feel safe walking alone around the area they live.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).