Inactive population due to caring responsibilities

In 2017, 1,6% of the population in Belgium was not working because of family responsibilities. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must decrease. This objective will not be reached by continuing the trend since 2006. The population that is inactive due to family responsibilities is therefore developing unfavourably.

The chart will appear within this DIV.
The chart will appear within this DIV.
The chart will appear within this DIV.

Inactive population due to caring responsibilities - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of population aged 15 to 64

 2006201020122015201620172017//20062017//2012
Belgium0.91.01.21.51.51.65.45.9
EU281.92.42.42.62.62.62.91.6
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019),Inactive population not seeking employment by sex, age and main reason [lfsa_igar], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 9/04/2019).

Inactive population due to caring responsibilities, by sex - Belgium

percentage of population aged 15 to 64

 2006201020122015201620172017//20062017//2012
females1.82.02.42.93.03.15.15.3
males0.1--0.10.10.10.10.00.0
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019),Inactive population not seeking employment by sex, age and main reason [lfsa_igar], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 9/04/2019).

Inactive population due to caring responsibilities, by age - Belgium

percentage of population

 2006201020122015201620172017//20062017//2012
15-391.11.21.31.61.81.95.17.9
50-640.60.51.01.21.11.15.71.9
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019),Inactive population not seeking employment by sex, age and main reason [lfsa_igar], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 9/04/2019).

Definition: the share of the population not working because of family responsibilities is the proportion of the population aged between 15 and 64 years that is not looking for work or does not want to work because it is caring for children or dependent persons. The data come from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). Statbel organises this EU-harmonised survey in Belgium and makes the results available, in particular to Eurostat. The survey methodology was reviewed in 2017. Comparison of the 2017 data with previous years should be done with caution. The data used here come from Eurostat, which publishes detailed and comparable results between EU Member States. Since these data are based on surveys, a margin of uncertainty must be taken into account. The confidence intervals for these data are available on request from Statbel.

Goal: the share of the inactive population due to caring responsibilities must decrease.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 5.4: "recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies, and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate".

International comparison: the share of the inactive population due to caring responsibilities is higher in the EU as a whole than in Belgium throughout the relevant period. This share increased significantly between 2006 and 2008 in the EU28, then remained fairly stable and reached 2.6% in 2017. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with average performance and performs better than the European average in 2017.

UN indicator: the selected indicator is related to indicator 5.4.1 - Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work, by sex, age and location. It measures the time invested in unpaid caring work, showing gender disparities in this area.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).