In 2020, the index of harmonised risk in Belgium was 58 (average 2011-2013 = 100). To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must decrease. Between 2011 and 2020, the trend is favourable (assessment of November 2022).
Agricultural pesticides - Belgium and international comparison
index, average 2011-2013 = 100
|//: Average Growth Rates|
Eurostat (2022), Harmonised risk indicator for pesticides (HRI1), by groups of active substances (source: DG SANTE) [sdg_02_51], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 26/10/2022).
Definition: agricultural pesticides are chemical substances that are mainly used in agriculture to destroy organisms that are harmful to crops, such as fungi, insects, bacteria and plants. The harmonised risk indicator is based on the quantity of active substances contained in plant protection products placed on the market. These quantities are multiplied by risk weighting factors for different groups of active substances, as categorized in the EU Directive 2019/782 (Official Journal of the European Union, 16/05/2019). The weighting factors reflect the intrinsic hazard of the active substances. This indicator does, however, not take into account the quantities used of each plant protection product. The indicator is presented as an index relative to the average results of the period 2011-2013 (average 2011-2013 = 100). The data come from Eurostat.
Goal: the harmonised risk indicator must decrease.
The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 2.4: "By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality".
The Federal Long-Term Strategic Vision for Sustainable Development includes objective 28: "The environmental and social impact of our food production and consumption patterns will be significantly reduced" (Belgian Official Gazette, 08/10/2013).
For the European Union, the European Commission's Farm to Fork Strategy announces that "the Commission will take additional action to reduce the overall use and risk of chemical pesticides by 50% and the use of more hazardous pesticides by 50% by 2030" (COM/2020/381 final; Official Journal of the European Union, 20/05/2020).
The Conference of the Parties of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity of December 2022 has adopted new goals. These will be taken into account in the next evaluation.
International comparison: as in Belgium, the harmonised risk indicator decreases steadily in the EU27, from 110 in 2011 to 78 in 2020 (from 102 to 58 in Belgium). When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with the best performance in 2020. In that year, Romania ranked first with 35 and Latvia last with 161.
UN indicator: the selected indicator does not correspond to any monitoring indicator for the SDGs but is related to target 2.4, since reducing the use of dangerous pesticides helps to maintain ecosystems.
SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.
Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.
UN Sustainable Development: https://sdgs.un.org/ (consulted on 18/01/2023).