Renewable energy

In 2019, 9.9% of Belgiumʹs gross final energy consumption was produced from renewable sources. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must reach 17.5%. The projections of the National Energy-Climate Plan 2021-2030 of Belgium (data available in June 2021) indicate that this objective will not be reached. Renewable energy is therefore developing unfavourably.

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Renewable energy - Belgium - trend assessment

percentage of gross final energy consumption

 200020042005201020152019202020252030
observations--1.92.36.08.09.9------
projection (June 2021)------------11.210.710.5
objective 203017.517.517.517.517.517.517.517.517.5

Eurostat (2021), Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption [sdg_07_40], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 04/05/2020); Concere, CNC (2019), Plan national intégré Energie Climat Belge 2021-2030, https://www.nationalenergyclimateplan.be/en (consulted on 08/06/2020).

Renewable energy - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of gross final energy consumption

 20042005201020142015201820192019//20042019//2014
Belgium1.92.36.08.08.09.59.911.74.3
EU279.610.214.417.517.818.919.74.92.5
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2021), Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption [sdg_07_40], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 04/05/2021).

Definition: renewable energy is measured as the share of energy consumption from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption, as defined in the European Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (Official Journal of the European Union, 5/6/2009). Gross final energy consumption is the energy consumed by all final consumers, including losses on the transport network and the consumption of the energy sector itself. The data come from Eurostat.

Goal: the share of renewable energy must reach 17.5% by 2030.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 7.2: “By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.”

The Federal Long-Term Strategic Vision for Sustainable Development contains objective 16: “The low-carbon forms of energy will predominate in the energy mix. Renewable energy sources will be a significant part of it"(Belgian Official Gazette, 08/10/2013).

In a Climate and Energy Policy Framework adopted in January 2014 (COM(2014)15; Official Journal of the European Union), the European Union (EU) sets a goal for 2030, namely a 27% share of renewable energy. In June 2018, a political agreement was reached between the Council, the Parliament and the Commission to raise this goal to 32%. In addition to this agreement, the European Regulation 2018/1999 on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action (Official Journal of the European Union) requires all EU Member States to prepare a National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) for the period 2021-2030. In response to this European obligation, Belgium’s NECP for 2021-2030 (Concere/CNC, 2019) was submitted to the European Commission. This plan sets a goal of 17.5% renewable energy in gross final energy consumption by 2030.

International comparison: when comparing Belgium with the European Union in 2019, it appears that the share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption is about twice higher in the EU27 than in Belgium, namely 19.7% compared to 9.9%. The gap is stable over the whole period considered. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with the poorest performance in 2019.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 7.2.1 - Renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption.

Sources

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