Renewable energy

In 2017, 9.1% of Belgiumʹs gross final energy consumption was produced from renewable sources. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must reach 18.3%. The projections of the Draft of National Energy-Climate Plan 2021-2030 of Belgium indicate that this objective will not be reached. Renewable energy is therefore developing unfavourably.

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Renewable energy - Belgium - trend assessment

percentage of gross final energy consumption

 2000200420052010201520162017202020252030
observations--1.92.35.77.98.79.1------
projection--------------11.010.910.9
objective 203018.318.318.318.318.318.318.318.318.318.3

Eurostat (2019), Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption [sdg_07_40], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 11/04/2019); Concere, CNC (2018), Projet de plan national intégré Energie Climat Belge 2021-2030.

Renewable energy - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of gross final energy consumption

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
Belgium1.92.35.77.27.98.79.112.84.8
EU288.59.113.114.716.717.017.55.73.6
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2019), Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption [sdg_07_40], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 11/04/2019).

Definition: renewable energy is measured as the share of energy consumption from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption, as defined in the European Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (Official Journal of the European Union, 5/6/2009). Gross final energy consumption is the energy consumed by all final consumers, including losses on the transport network and the consumption of the energy sector itself. The data come from Eurostat.

Goal: the share of renewable energy must reach 18.3% by 2030.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 7.2: “By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.”

The Federal Long-Term Strategic Vision for Sustainable Development contains objective 16: “The low-carbon forms of energy will predominate in the energy mix. Renewable energy sources will be a significant part of it"(Belgian Official Gazette, 08/10/2013).

In a Climate and Energy Policy Framework adopted in January 2014 (COM(2014)15; Official Journal of the European Union), the European Union (EU) sets a goal for 2030, namely a 27% share of renewable energy. In June 2018, a political agreement was reached between the Council, the Parliament and the Commission to raise this goal to 32%. In addition to this agreement, the European Regulation 2018/1999 on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action (Official Journal of the European Union) requires all EU Member States to prepare a draft National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) for the period 2021-2030 by 31 December 2018. In response to this European obligation, Belgium’s draft NECP for 2021-2030 (Concere/Enover, NCC, 2018) was submitted to the European Commission. This project sets a goal of 18.3% renewable energy in gross final energy consumption by 2030. Based on the evaluation and recommendations of the European Commission, a final version of this plan should be submitted by 31 December 2019.

International comparison: when comparing Belgium with the European Union, it becomes clear that in 2017 the share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption is about twice as high in the EU28 as in Belgium, namely 17.5% compared to 9.1%. The European indicator continues to rise over the whole period considered. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with the poorest performance in 2017.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 7.2.1 - Renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).