Dwellings without adequate heating

In 2018, 5.3% of the population in Belgium declare that they could not heat their dwellings adequately. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must be reduced to zero percent. This objective will not be reached by continuing the trend since 2008. The proportion of the population that cannot heat their dwelling adequately is therefore developing unfavourably.

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Dwellings without adequate heating - Belgium - trend assessment

percentage of population

 200020052008201020152018202020252030
observations----6.45.65.25.3------
trend and extrapolation----6.16.05.55.35.14.94.8
objective 20300.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_mdes01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 1/04/2019) & calculations FPB.

Dwellings without adequate heating - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of population

 20082010201320152016201720182018//20082018//2013
Belgium6.45.65.85.24.85.75.3-1.9-1.8
EU28--9.510.79.48.77.8------
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_mdes01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 1/04/2019).

Dwellings without adequate heating by household type - Belgium

percentage of population

 20082010201320152016201720182018//20082018//2013
single person10.49.811.77.37.89.17.5-3.2-8.5
single person with dependent children16.413.315.112.310.812.313.0-2.3-2.9
two adults3.63.83.52.52.93.63.0-1.8-3.0
two adults with one dependent child4.53.13.04.41.74.13.1-3.70.7
two adults with two dependent children4.02.52.44.01.93.72.2-5.8-1.7
two adults with three or more dependent children5.94.96.35.34.66.68.43.65.9
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_mdes01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 1/04/2019).

Dwellings without adequate heating by income - Belgium

percentage of population

 2008201020122015201620172017//20082017//2012
below 60% of median equivalised income17.016.218.714.816.220.01.81.4
above 60% of median equivalised income4.63.84.43.52.73.0-4.6-7.4
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_mdes01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 1/04/2019).

Definition: this indicator measures the share of the population that reports being unable to heat their dwellings adequately. The data on this indicator are based on the Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey of the European Union. Statbel organises this EU-harmonised survey in Belgium and makes the results available, in particular to Eurostat. The data used here come from Eurostat, which publishes detailed and comparable results between EU Member States. Since these data are based on a survey, a margin of uncertainty should be taken into account. The confidence intervals for these data are available on request from Statbel. Belgian data can only be compared from 2008 onwards, as the question in the survey changed in that year.

Goal: the share of the population that reports being unable to heat their homes adequately must be reduced to zero per cent by 2030.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 7.1: “By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services”. Being able to heat one's home is part of the access to affordable energy. The share of the population that reports being unable to heat their homes adequately should tend to zero.

The Federal Long-Term Strategic Vision for Sustainable Development contains objective 21: “Energy services will be affordable for everyone", which is consistent with the SDG.

International comparison: this indicator is slightly higher in Europe than in Belgium. In the EU28, this indicator fell from around 10% in 2010 to around 8% in 2017, while in Belgium it remained stable over that period (around 5% to 6%). When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with average performances in 2017 and performs better than the European average.

UN indicator: the selected indicator does not correspond to any SDG indicator, but is related to target 7.1 since heating a dwelling is part of modern energy services to which the population must have access.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).