Limitations in usual activities (i14)

  •  17/10/2022
  • objective 
  •  assessment 

In 2021, 24.4% of the population aged 16 and over in Belgium report being more or less severely restricted in their usual activities due to a health problem. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must decrease. Between 2005 and 2019 the trend is unfavourable (assessment of November 2021; without taking into account 2020, because the Covid-19 pandemic impacted data collection).

The chart will appear within this DIV.
The chart will appear within this DIV.
The chart will appear within this DIV.
The chart will appear within this DIV.
The chart will appear within this DIV.

Limitations in usual activities - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 200520102013201520182019202020212018//20052018//20132021//2019
Belgium23.923.323.523.625.227.225.024.40.41.4-5.3
EU27--25.727.925.724.624.024.9-----2.5--
//: Average Growth Rates

break in series: BE 2019; BE 2020 data collection impacted by Covid-19 pandemic

Statbel (2022), direct communication (20/09/2022) and Eurostat (2022), Self-perceived long-standing limitations in usual activities due to health problem [hlth_silc_12], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 30/05/2022).

Limitations in usual activities by region - Belgium

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 201920212021//2019
Brussels-Capital Region26.121.4-9.4
Flemish Region25.822.1-7.4
Walloon Region30.029.5-0.8
//: Average Growth Rates

The margin of uncertainty for this indicator is indicated in the text for the latest year.

Statbel (2022), direct communication (20/09/2022).

Limitations in usual activities by sex - Belgium

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 200520102013201520182019202020212018//20052018//20132021//2019
females26.926.625.926.027.528.926.926.80.21.2-3.8
males20.719.820.921.023.025.323.121.80.81.9-7.2
//: Average Growth Rates

break in series: 2019; 2020 data collection impacted by Covid-19 pandemic

Statbel (2022), direct communication (20/09/2022) and Eurostat (2022), Self-perceived long-standing limitations in usual activities due to health problem [hlth_silc_12], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 30/05/2022).

Limitations in usual activities by age - Belgium

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 200520102013201520182019202020212018//20052018//20132021//2019
<257.87.57.77.510.59.08.08.02.36.4-5.9
25-4916.014.916.215.415.617.215.915.4-0.2-0.8-5.2
50-6429.227.227.629.730.934.531.629.70.42.3-7.1
>6447.047.143.542.643.746.242.842.7-0.60.1-3.8
//: Average Growth Rates

break in series: 2019; 2020 data collection impacted by Covid-19 pandemic

Statbel (2022), direct communication (20/09/2022).

Limitations in usual activities by income - Belgium

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 200520102013201520182019202020212018//20052018//20132021//2019
quintile 134.735.136.936.938.642.541.739.00.81.0-4.2
quintile 231.433.331.631.335.834.734.031.51.02.5-4.7
quintile 322.421.320.123.322.626.021.423.10.12.4-5.7
quintile 417.115.115.315.316.518.816.615.9-0.31.6-8.1
quintile 514.312.613.911.513.214.611.712.7-0.6-1.1-6.8
//: Average Growth Rates

break in series: 2019; 2020 data collection impacted by Covid-19 pandemic

Statbel (2022), direct communication (20/09/2022).

Definition: the share of the population aged 16 and over that reports being more or less severely restricted in their usual activities due to a health problem. The data come from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey. The limitation in question must have been felt at least during the six months preceding the survey. The participants have a choice between three answers to the question on this limitation: not at all limited, limited, but not severely, or severely limited. The last two answers are added for this indicator. Statistics Belgium organises this EU-harmonised survey in Belgium and makes the results available, in particular to Eurostat. The data used here for Belgium come directly from Statistics Belgium and the data used for comparison with the rest of the EU come from Eurostat. Since these data are based on surveys, a margin of uncertainty must be taken into account. The confidence intervals for these data are available on request from Statistics Belgium.

From 2019 onwards, the survey methodology has been thoroughly reviewed for better accuracy. In 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic impacted data collection. This makes it difficult to compare the results of SILC 2020 with those of previous years. (Statbel, 2021). Therefore, they are not used to calculate and evaluate the long-term trend.

Goal: the share of the population aged 16 and over that reports being limited in their usual activities due to a health problem must decrease.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include goal 3: "Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages". Not having limitations in usual activities contributes to health and well-being.

International comparison: the share of the population that reports being limited in their usual activities in 2020 is almost equal in Belgium (25.0%) and in the EU27 (24.9%). When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group that has average performance and is below the European average in 2020. In that year, Sweden ranked first with 12.9% and Latvia last with 39.7%.

UN indicator: the selected indicator does not correspond to any monitoring indicator for the SDGs but is related to objective 3 since the absence of limitation in daily activities is a measure of the overall health of the population.

Sources

  • General

    • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

    • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

    • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 24/09/2020).

    • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 24/09/2020).
  • Specific

More information is available in French and Dutch.