Premature deaths due to chronic diseases (i15)

In 2019, there were 87.7 deaths in Belgium per 100,000 under-65-year-old inhabitants due to chronic diseases. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must be reduced to 69.5. This objective will not be reached by continuing the trend since 2003 (data available in November 2021). The number of premature deaths due to chronic diseases is therefore developing unfavourably.

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Premature deaths due to chronic diseases - Belgium - trend assessment

crude death rate per 100,000 inhabitants of less than 65 years

 2000200320052010201520182019202020252030
observations--122.9121.2--104.392.187.7------
trend and extrapolation (November 2021)--124.0121.7114.1102.094.191.889.882.879.0
objective 203069.569.569.569.569.569.569.569.569.569.5

The available data for 2010 is incorrect.

Statbel; Eurostat (2022), Causes of death [hlth_cd_acdr, hlth_cd_acdr2], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 30/05/2022).

Premature deaths due to chronic diseases - Belgium and international comparison

crude death rate per 100,000 inhabitants of less than 65 years

 200320052011201420152017201820192019//20032019//20142017//2011
Belgium122.9121.2112.3103.0104.395.192.187.7-2.1-3.1-2.7
EU27----134.7128.0127.7122.9---------1.5
//: Average Growth Rates

The available data for 2010 is incorrect.

Statbel; Eurostat (2022), Causes of death [hlth_cd_acdr, hlth_cd_acdr2], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 30/05/2022).

Premature deaths due to chronic diseases by region - Belgium

crude death rate per 100,000 inhabitants of less than 65 years

 20112015201820192019//2011
Brussels-Capital Region88.977.074.768.7-3.2
Flemish Region102.294.881.281.3-2.8
Walloon Region135.9128.0116.1105.0-3.2
//: Average Growth Rates

Statbel; Eurostat (2022), Causes of death [hlth_cd_acdr, hlth_cd_acdr2], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 30/05/2022).

Premature deaths due to chronic diseases by sex - Belgium

crude death rate per 100,000 inhabitants of less than 65 years

 20032005201120142015201820192019//20032019//2014
females91.691.092.482.085.977.974.6-1.3-1.9
males153.5150.5131.9123.5122.3106.0100.6-2.6-4.0
//: Average Growth Rates

The available data for 2010 is incorrect.

Statbel; Eurostat (2022), Causes of death [hlth_cd_acdr, hlth_cd_acdr2], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 30/05/2022).

Definition: the number of premature deaths (before the age of 65) due to chronic diseases per 100,000 inhabitants is calculated on the basis of death certificate data, including deaths due to malignant tumours (C00-C97), diabetes mellitus (E10-E14), ischemic heart diseases (I20-I25), cerebrovascular diseases (I60-I69), chronic lower respiratory diseases (J40-J47) and chronic liver diseases (K70, K73-K74). The codes in brackets are taken from the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (CIM-10). Statistics Belgium collects these data in Belgium and makes them available, in particular to Eurostat. The data used here come from Eurostat, which publishes detailed and comparable results between EU Member States, except for the breakdowns by gender, for which the data published by Statistics Belgium are used. The 65-year threshold was chosen because this indicator is published as such by Eurostat. In the literature, the threshold for premature death is not precisely defined. It also differs from country to country. In Europe, values from 65 and 80 are often used.

Goal: by 2030, the number of premature deaths due to chronic diseases should not exceed 69.5 deaths per 100,000 people under the age of 65.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 3.4: “By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.

This UN target requires to reduce by one third premature deaths among people under 65 by 2030, in comparison with 2015. In 2015, this death rate was 104.3 deaths per 100,000 people under the age of 65. This indicator should thus not exceed 69.5 by 2030.

International comparison: the number of premature deaths per 100,000 inhabitants is higher in the EU27 than in Belgium and the difference increases the last years, going from 22.4 in 2011 to 27.8 in 2017. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with the best performance in 2017. In that year, Sweden ranked first with 71.1 premature deaths and Hungary last with 258.3.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 3.4.1 - Mortality rate attributed to cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 24/09/2020).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 24/09/2020).

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