In 2021, Belgium scored 73 on 100 on the corruption perceptions index. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must increase. Between 2012 and 2021, the trend is undetermined (assessment of November 2022).
Corruption Perceptions Index - Belgium and international comparison
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Transparency international; Eurostat (2022), Corruption Perceptions Index [sdg_16_50], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 31/05/2022).
Definition: the corruption perceptions index measures to what extent a country’s public sector is perceived as corrupt on a scale of 0 (very corrupt) to 100 (corruption-free). It is a composite indicator based on questionnaires on and assessments of corruption by 13 different experts of which an average is calculated. The data come from Transparency International and are published by Eurostat.
Goal: the corruption perceptions index must increase, which means that corruption decreases.
The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 16.5: “Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all its forms”.
International comparison: the relations with the neighbouring countries for this indicator over the 2012-2021 period are retained. The corruption perceptions index is lower in France, higher in Germany and even slightly higher in the Netherlands. However, the differences are marginal and these countries are not plagued by corruption compared to other countries. In 2021 they perform well in a ranking of 180 countries: the Netherlands rank 8th, while France ranks 22th, with Germany and Belgium occupying the 10th and 18th place respectively. When EU Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with average performance.
UN indicator: the selected indicator does not correspond to any monitoring indicator for the SDGs but is related to target 16.5. The Transparency International indicator is an indicator used to monitor the evolution of corruption on a global scale.
SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.
Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.
UN Sustainable Development: https://sdgs.un.org/ (consulted on 18/01/2023).