Official development assistance to least developed countries

In 2017, Belgium spent 29,6% of its official development assistance on the least developed countries. To achieve the sustainable development goal, this figure must be increased to 50% by 2019. This objective will not be reached by continuing the trend since 2000. Official development assistance to the least developed countries is therefore developing unfavourably.

The chart will appear within this DIV.
The chart will appear within this DIV.

Official development assistance to least developed countries - Belgium - trend assessment

including imputed multilateral flows

percentage of ODA

 200020052010201520162017202020252030
observations30.831.048.132.027.729.6------
trend and extrapolation37.139.637.631.830.629.426.824.122.7
objective 2019 and beyond50.050.050.050.050.050.050.050.050.0

Calculations FPB based on OECD (2019), OECD.Stat, Theme: Development > Flows by Provider and Recipient > Aid (ODA) disbursements to countries and regions [DAC2a], https://stats.oecd.org/ (consulted on 11/04/2019).

Official development assistance to least developed countries - Belgium and international comparison

including imputed multilateral flows

percentage of ODA

 199020002005201020122015201620172017//19902017//2012
Belgium40.830.831.048.130.432.027.729.6-1.2-0.5
OECD DAC27.625.423.934.031.628.427.029.10.2-1.6
//: Average Growth Rates

Calculations FPB based on OECD (2019), OECD.Stat, Theme: Development > Flows by Provider and Recipient > Aid (ODA) disbursements to countries and regions [DAC2a], https://stats.oecd.org/ (consulted on 11/04/2019).

Definition: this indicator measures the part of official development assistance to the least developed countries (LDCs). These are low-income countries that face serious structural obstacles to sustainable development. They are extremely vulnerable to economic and ecological shocks (measured by fluctuations in the agricultural production and victims of natural disasters) and their population is in worse health (measured by child and maternal mortality and malnutrition) and they have lower schooling (measured by educational participation and literacy rate). On the list of Least Developed Countries of December 2018, 47 countries are listed. This list is revised every three years by the Committee for Development Policy of the United Nations (UN, 2019).

Goal: allocate at least 50 per cent of official development assistance to the least developed countries.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 17.2: “Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries; ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries.”

This target 17.2 corresponds to nr. 51 of the Addis Abeba Action Agenda (AAAA) of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development that took place in July 2015 and on which the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution 69/313 (UN, 2015). The EU has undertaken to reach 0.20 per cent of GDP for ODAs to LDCs by 2030 (EU, 2015, nr. 33). As good practice, the AAAA encourages to allocate at least 50 per cent of official development assistance to LDCs (UN, 2015, nr. 52). The Belgian federal government has undertaken to reach that goal by 2019 (De Croo, 2016, p. 7). This value of 50 % is used as a target.

International comparison: in 2017 the DAC countries (the members of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee) spent 29.1% of their official development assistance on the least developed countries. That is about the same proportion as Belgium during that year and slightly higher than the 27.6% average over the 1990-2017 period. The Belgian average over that entire period was 7 percentage points higher than that of the DAC countries. Since 1990 Belgium has performed every year better than the DAC countries, except in 2012. Over the last few years this difference has narrowed.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to 17.2.1 Net official development assistance, total and to least developed countries, as a proportion of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee donors’ gross national income (GNI).

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).