Natura 2000 protected marine area (i68)

In 2021, 38.1% of the Belgian marine surface was a Natura 2000 protected area. To achieve the sustainable development goal, this figure must be at least 10% by 2020. This objective has been reached.

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The chart will appear within this DIV.

Natura 2000 protected marine area - Belgium - trend assessment

percentage of total marine surface

 2000201020152020202120252030
observations--36.6536.8038.1338.13----
trend and extrapolation (November 2021)--36.5036.8237.3437.4537.8038.07
objective 203010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.00

EEA (2021), Natura 2000 barometer statistics, http://www.eea.europa.eu/ and on FPS Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment (2016), Notre mer en quelques mots, http://www.health.belgium.be/fr/notre-mer-en-quelques-mots (consulted on 12/10/2021); calculations FPB.

Natura 2000 protected marine area - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of total marine surface

 20102012201520162019202020212021//20102021//20162019//2012
Belgium36.6536.5636.8036.8036.8038.1338.130.360.710.09
EU27--4.20--7.4010.70--------14.29
//: Average Growth Rates

EEA (2022), Natura 2000 barometer statistics, http://www.eea.europa.eu/ and FPS Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment (2016), Notre mer en quelques mots, http://www.health.belgium.be/fr/notre-mer-en-quelques-mots; Eurostat (2022) Surface of marine sites designated under Natura 2000 [sdg_14_10], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 8/7/2022); calculations FPB.

Definition: this indicator represents the share of Natura 2000 protected marine areas (under the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC - Official Journal of the European Union, 22/7/1992 - and/or the Birds Directive 79/409/EEC - Official Journal of the European Union, 25/4/1979) in the total Belgian marine area (which includes the territorial waters, the exclusive economic area and the continental plate). The indicator is calculated by the FPB on the basis of data from the European Environment Agency and the Federal Public Service Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment. Data come from Eurostat for the European Union. It should be noted that these only concern the 22 EU27 countries with marine areas.

Goal: a share of 10% of protected marine and coastal surface.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 14.5: “By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information”. This target has already been widely reached in Belgium.

International comparison: the share of protected marine and coastal surface in Belgium is well above the European average. In 2019, Germany and France are the only countries with a larger share of protected areas than Belgium.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 14.5.1 - Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas.

Sources

  • General

    • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

    • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

    • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 24/09/2020).

    • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 24/09/2020).
  • Specific

More information is available in French and Dutch.