Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS (i63)

In 2020, the non-ETS sectors greenhouse gas emissions (not covered by the European Unionʹs emissions trading system: housing, transport, services, agriculture, etc.) in Belgium amounted to 66.6 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, that figure must be reduced to 51.8 million tonnes. The projections of the National Energy-Climate Plan 2021-2030 of Belgium indicate that this objective will be reached (data available in November 2021). The non-ETS sectors greenhouse gas emissions are therefore developing favourably.

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Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS - Belgium - trend assessment

million tonnes CO2 equivalent

 2000200520102015202020252030
observations--79.679.672.766.6----
projection (November 2021)--------68.460.852.7
objective 203051.851.851.851.851.851.851.8

Eurostat (2022), Greenhouse gas emissions in ESD sectors [env_air_esd], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 30/05/2022); CONCERE and Commission nationale climat (2019), National Energy and Climate Plan 2022-2030, https://www.nationalenergyclimateplan.be/en (consulted on 30/05/2022).

Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS - Belgium

million tonnes CO2 equivalent

 200520102015201920202020//20052020//2015
Belgium79.679.672.772.066.6-1.2-1.8
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2022), Greenhouse gas emissions in ESD sectors [env_air_esd], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 30/05/2022).

Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS - EU27

billion tonnes CO2 equivalent

 200520102015201920202020//20052020//2015
EU272.52.42.22.22.1-1.1-1.1
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2022), Greenhouse gas emissions in ESD sectors [env_air_esd], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 30/05/2022).

Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS - Belgium and international comparison

tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita

 200520102015201920202020//20052020//2015
Belgium7.67.36.56.35.8-1.8-2.2
EU275.75.44.94.94.6-1.3-1.2
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2022), Greenhouse gas emissions in ESD sectors [env_air_esd] and Population change - Demographic balance and crude rates at national level, Population on 1 January [demo_gind], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 30/05/2022); calculations FPB.

Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS by region - Belgium

tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita

 20132014201520162017201820192019//2013
Brussels-Capital Region3.43.03.13.23.13.02.9-2.9
Flemish Region7.26.77.07.16.77.06.7-1.2
Walloon Region6.86.56.66.76.56.86.7-0.3
//: Average Growth Rates

National Climate Commission (2022), Report Soldes ESD régionaux, in French and Dutch (consulted on 30/05/2022).

Definition: this indicator measures greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from sectors that are not covered by the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS). ETS was established in 2005 in the European Union for companies emitting high levels of CO2 (e.g. power generation, metallurgy, non-metallic ores or fertilisers). GHG emissions are therefore divided into emissions from the ETS sector and emissions from non-ETS sectors, which mainly include transport (excluding aviation), services, housing, agriculture, waste and industries not covered by the ETS. The indicator is expressed in millions of tonnes of CO2 equivalent (Mt CO2 eq.). Comparisons between EU27 countries are based on emissions per capita. Data come from Eurostat.

Goal: GHG emissions from non-ETS sectors must be reduced by 35% between 2005 and 2030.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include goal 13: “Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts".

The Federal Long-Term Strategic Vision for Sustainable Development includes objective 31: "The Belgian GHG emissions will be reduced domestically by at least 80% to 95% by 2050 as compared to their 1990 level"(Belgian Official Gazette, 08/10/2013).

At European level, the 2030 Climate and Energy Framework aims to reduce non-ETS emissions by 30%. Regulation (EU) 2018/842 on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions allocates this target among the Member States (Official Journal of the European Union,19/06/2018). The target set for Belgium is a 35% reduction between 2005 and 2030. This value is considered as a target, even if the directive includes flexibility mechanisms that would allow it to be marginally modified. This target is being revised as part of the revision of the overall GHG emissions target (-55% by 2030 compared to 1990, see Greenhouse gas emissions).

International comparison: between 2005 and 2020, the decrease in non-ETS GHG emissions in Belgium was of the same order of magnitude than that observed in the EU27 (about 16%). When it comes to emissions per capita, non-ETS emissions of Belgium reach 5.8 tonnes per capita, compared to an EU27 average of 4,6 tonnes in 2020. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with the poorest performance in 2020. Only Luxembourg and Ireland have higher emissions per capita. In that year, Malta ranked first with 2.5 t/capita and Luxembourg last with 12.5 t/capita.

UN indicator: the selected indicator does not correspond to any monitoring indicator for the SDGs but is related to goal 13 because the fight against climate change requires a significant reduction in GHG emissions.

Sources

More information is available in French and Dutch.