Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS

In 2017, the non-ETS sectors greenhouse gas emissions (not covered by the European Unionʹs emissions trading system: housing, transport, services, agriculture, etc.) in Belgium amounted to 72.4 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, that figure must be reduced to 51.2 million tonnes. The Federal Planning Bureauʹs projections indicate that this objective will not be reached. Non-ETS greenhouse gas emissions are therefore developing unfavourably.

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Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS - Belgium - trend assessment

million tonnes CO2 equivalent

 200020052010201520162017202020252030
observations--78.878.072.774.172.4------
projection------------72.070.569.9
objective 203051.251.251.251.251.251.251.251.251.2

Eurostat (2019), Greenhouse gas emissions in ESD sectors [t2020_35], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 26/03/2019); FPB (2017), Le paysage énergétique belge à l?horizon 2050 - Perspectives à politique inchangée.

Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS - Belgium

million tonnes CO2 equivalent

 2005201020122015201620172017//20052017//2012
Belgium78.878.072.972.774.172.4-0.7-0.1
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2019), Greenhouse gas emissions in ESD sectors [t2020_35], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 26/03/2019).

Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS - EU28

billion tonnes CO2 equivalent

 2005201020122015201620172017//20052017//2012
EU282,855.82,735.42,597.52,519.22,555.02,574.5-0.9-0.2
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2019), Greenhouse gas emissions in ESD sectors [t2020_35], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 26/03/2019).

Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS - Belgium and international comparison

tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita

 2005201020122015201620172017//20052017//2012
Belgium7.57.16.66.56.56.4-1.4-0.6
EU285.85.45.14.95.05.0-1.1-0.5
//: Average Growth Rates

Calculations FPB based on Eurostat (2019), Greenhouse gas emissions in ESD sectors [t2020_35] and Population change - Demographic balance and crude rates at national level, Population on 1 January [demo_gind], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 26/03/2019).

Definition: this indicator measures greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from sectors that are not covered by the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS). ETS was established in 2005 in the European Union for companies emitting high levels of CO2 (e.g. power generation, metallurgy, non-metallic ores or fertilisers). GHG emissions are therefore divided into emissions from the ETS sector and emissions from non-ETS sectors, which mainly include transport (excluding aviation), services, housing, agriculture, waste and industries not covered by the ETS. The indicator is expressed in millions of tonnes of CO2 equivalent (Mt CO2 eq.). Comparisons between EU28 countries are based on emissions per capita. Data come from Eurostat.

Goal: GHG emissions from non-ETS sectors must be reduced by 35% between 2005 and 2030.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include goal 13: “Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts".

The Federal Long-Term Strategic Vision for Sustainable Development includes objective 31: "The Belgian GHG emissions will be reduced domestically by at least 80% to 95% by 2050 as compared to their 1990 level"(Belgian Official Gazette, 08/10/2013).

At European level, the 2030 Climate and Energy Framework aims to reduce non-ETS emissions by 40%. Regulation (EU) 2018/842 on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions allocates this target among the Member States (Official Journal of the European Union,19/06/2018). The target set for Belgium is a 35% reduction between 2005 and 2030. This value is considered as a target, even if the directive includes flexibility mechanisms that would allow it to be marginally modified.

International comparison: between 2005 and 2017, the decrease in non-ETS GHG emissions in Belgium (-8.1%) was lower than that observed in the EU28 (-9.9%). When it comes to emissions per capita, non-ETS emissions of Belgium reach 6.4 tonnes per capita, compared to an EU28 average of 5.0 tonnes in 2017. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with the poorest performance in 2017. Only Luxembourg and Ireland have higher emissions per capita.

UN indicator: the selected indicator does not correspond to any monitoring indicator for the SDGs but is related to goal 13 because the fight against climate change requires a significant reduction in GHG emissions.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).