Domestic material consumption

In 2017, Belgiumʹs domestic material consumption amounted to 13.5 tonnes per capita. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must decrease. This objective will be reached by continuing the trend since 2000. The domestic material consumption is therefore developing favourably.

The chart will appear within this DIV.
The chart will appear within this DIV.

Domestic material consumption - Belgium and international comparison

tonnes per capita

 20002005201020112012201320142015201620172017//20002017//2012
Belgium14.914.915.115.814.113.613.112.912.913.5-0.6-0.8
EU2815.516.013.814.513.413.013.213.213.113.4-0.90.0
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2019), Domestic material consumption - tonnes per capita [env_ac_mfa], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 27/03/2019).

Domestic material consumption by material - Belgium

tonnes per capita

 20002005201020112012201320142015201620172017//20002017//2012
biomass4.84.64.94.94.44.44.84.33.94.4-0.50.2
metal ores and non-metallic minerals6.26.37.07.96.66.25.85.96.16.60.3-0.1
fossil fuels4.34.23.53.33.33.32.92.93.12.8-2.5-3.1
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2019), Domestic material consumption - tonnes per capita [env_ac_mfa], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 27/03/2019).

Definition: domestic material consumption (DMC) corresponds to domestic extractions, plus imports and minus exports. The materials considered are biomass, metal ores, non-metallic minerals and fossil fuels, as well as two residual categories (waste and other products, representing 1 or 2% of the total). DMC takes into account the raw materials contained in finished and semi-finished goods imported into or exported from Belgium. But these raw materials are recorded only in the category of the material that is the main component of the good. The indicator used here is the DMC per capita and is expressed in tonnes per capita. Data come from Eurostat.

Goal: the total domestic material consumption must decrease.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include the following targets: 12.2 "By 2030 achieve sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources” and 8.4 "Improve progressively through 2030 global resource efficiency in consumption and production, and endeavor to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation in accordance with the 10-year framework of programs on sustainable consumption and production with developed countries taking the lead".

The Federal Long-Term Strategic Vision for Sustainable Development includes the following objectives: “The quantity of non-renewable raw materials used will be significantly reduced. These materials will only be used when recycling offers no alternative to such use (Objective 33) and renewable raw materials (...) will be exploited without compromising the ability of future generations to use them” (Objective 34, Belgian Official Gazette 08/10/2013).

Evolution: the DMC per capita increased between 2000 and 2007. On the contrary, it decreased between 2007 and 2017. In 2017, it was below its level of 2000 and net imports represented 38% of total DMC in Belgium.

International comparison: the indicator developed quite in the same way in Belgium and in the EU28. In 2017, the DMC per capita in Belgium is close to the EU average. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with the best performance in 2017.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 12.2.2 - Domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP. This indicator is also used to monitor the SDG targets Decent work and economic growth (indicator 8.4.2).

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).