Depression

In 2013, 6.7% of the population aged 15 and over in Belgium, reported having suffered from depression in the last twelve months. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must decrease.

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Depression - Belgium

in the last twelve months

percentage of population aged 15 years and over

 199720012004200820132013//19972013//2008
Belgium6.56.35.96.06.70.22.2
//: Average Growth Rates

Scientific Institute of Public Health (2014), Gisle L., Santé mentale. In: Van der Heyden J., Charafeddine R. (éd.), Enquête de santé 2013. Rapport 1: Santé et Bien-être, WIV-ISP, Brussels; Scientific Institute of Public Health (2017), Belgian Health Interview Survey - Interactive Analysis, https://hisia.wiv-isp.be/ (consulted on 23/11/2017).

Depression by sex - Belgium

in the last twelve months

percentage of population aged 15 years and over

 199720012004200820132013//19972013//2008
females8.27.77.17.78.30.11.5
males4.74.84.64.34.90.32.6
//: Average Growth Rates

Scientific Institute of Public Health (2014), Gisle L., Santé mentale. In: Van der Heyden J., Charafeddine R. (éd.), Enquête de santé 2013. Rapport 1: Santé et Bien-être, WIV-ISP, Brussels; Scientific Institute of Public Health (2017), Belgian Health Interview Survey - Interactive Analysis, https://hisia.wiv-isp.be/ (consulted on 23/11/2017).

Depression by education - Belgium

in the last twelve months

percentage of population aged 15 years and over

 199720012004200820132013//19972013//2008
primary education10.08.310.08.614.72.411.3
lower secondary education9.57.96.19.29.90.31.5
higher secondary education5.36.05.66.06.31.11.0
tertiary education4.54.34.43.94.0-0.70.5
//: Average Growth Rates

Scientific Institute of Public Health (2014), Gisle L., Santé mentale. In: Van der Heyden J., Charafeddine R. (éd.), Enquête de santé 2013. Rapport 1: Santé et Bien-être, WIV-ISP, Brussels; Scientific Institute of Public Health (2017), Belgian Health Interview Survey - Interactive Analysis, https://hisia.wiv-isp.be/ (consulted on 23/11/2017).

Depression by income - Belgium

in the last twelve months

percentage of population aged 15 years and over

 20012004200820132013//20012013//2008
quintile 18.08.08.69.51.42.0
quintile 29.39.89.09.80.41.7
quintile 36.46.36.38.12.05.2
quintile 47.04.25.15.0-2.8-0.4
quintile 53.73.62.92.6-2.9-2.2
//: Average Growth Rates

Scientific Institute of Public Health (2014), Gisle L., Santé mentale. In: Van der Heyden J., Charafeddine R. (éd.), Enquête de santé 2013. Rapport 1: Santé et Bien-être, WIV-ISP, Brussels; Scientific Institute of Public Health (2017), Belgian Health Interview Survey - Interactive Analysis, https://hisia.wiv-isp.be/ (consulted on 23/11/2017).

Definition: share of the population aged 15 and over that reports having suffered from depression in the past twelve months. The data come from the National Health Surveys carried out by the Scientific Institute of Public Health / Sciensano for Belgium and from Eurostat for the other European countries. For the 1997 Belgian health survey, 10 221 people were interviewed; for the 2001 issue: 12 111; for the 2004 issue: 12,650; for the 2008 survey: 8,836 and in 2013, 10,834 people. Since these data are based on surveys, a margin of uncertainty must be taken into account. The Sciensano website presents these data with their confidence intervals.

Goal: the share of people suffering from depression must decrease.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 3.4: “By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being” To promote mental health, the share of people suffering from depression must decrease.

International comparison: in Europe, data are only available for 2014. The share of the population aged 15 and over that reported having suffered from depression in the past 12 months is lower in Belgium (6.7%) than in the EU28 (7.1%). When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with average performance and outperforms the European average in 2014.

UN Indicator: the selected indicator is related to indicator 3.4.2 - Suicide mortality rate Depressed people are more likely than others to commit suicide. This indicator has been selected because international comparisons of suicide are considered by Eurostat to be unreliable (Eurostat, 2018).

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 23/10/2018).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 23/10/2018).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).