Research and development

In 2016, research and development expenditures in Belgium amounted to 2.5% of gross domestic product. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, these expenditures must be increased to 3%. This objective will be reached by continuing the trend since 2000. Research and development expenditures are therefore developing favourably.

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TREND ASSESSMENT: Research and development - Belgium

gross domestic expenditure in percentage of GDP

 20002005201020152016202020252030
observations1.91.82.12.52.5------
trend and extrapolation (observations until 2015)1.91.92.12.52.62.83.13.2
objective 2020 and beyond3.03.03.03.03.03.03.03.0

trend and extrapolation take into account observations until 2015

Eurostat (2017), Intramural R&D expenditure (GERD) by sectors of performance [rd_e_gerdtot], http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 24/11/2017) and calculations FPB.

Research and development

gross domestic expenditure in percentage of GDP

 19952000200520102011201220132014201520162016//19952016//2011
Belgium1.61.91.82.12.22.32.32.42.52.52.02.9
EU-28--1.81.71.92.02.02.02.02.02.0--0.3
//: average growth rates

Eurostat (2017), Intramural R&D expenditure (GERD) by sectors of performance [rd_e_gerdtot], http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 24/11/2017).

This text is based on the Statistical Annex of the Voluntary National Review of Belgium (VNR) presented to the July 2017 United Nations High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development.

VNR Indicator: Research and development, Gross domestic expenditure on research and development in percentage of GDP

Definition: gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) expressed as a share of gross domestic product (GDP).

Objective: the objective of the Europe 2020 strategy is to reach 3%.

UN Target 9.5: Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending

UNSTAT Indicator 9.5.1: Research and development expenditure as a proportion of GDP

 

This indicator is also included in another database of the Federal Planning Bureau, additionally providing regional data for Belgium: the indicators of the innovation system.