Risk of poverty

In 2017 (income year 2016), 15.9% of the population in Belgium was at risk of poverty. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must be reduced. Federal Planning Bureauʹs projections , based on 2015 observations, indicate that this objective will be reached. Based on this projection the risk of poverty is developing favourably. A following evaluation is foreseen for mid-2019.

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Risk of poverty - Belgium - trend assessment

percentage of total population

 200420052010201520162017202020252030
observations14.314.814.614.915.515.9------
projection (observations until 2015)----------------12.1

projection takes into account observations until 2015

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_li02, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 06/09/2018) & Frère (2016), The population at risk of poverty or social exclusion in Belgium - Projection until 2030, Working paper 12-16, Federal Planning Bureau.

Risk of poverty - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of total population

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
Belgium14.314.814.615.314.915.515.90.80.8
EU28----16.516.817.317.3------
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_li02, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 06/09/2018).

At-risk-of-poverty threshold - Belgium

for a single person, according to EU-SILC surveys (2004-2017, income data 2003-2016)

 thousands of euros per year

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
Belgium9.49.911.712.213.013.413.72.92.4
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_li01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 06/09/2018).

Risk of poverty by sex - Belgium

percentage of population

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
females15.115.515.215.915.616.516.90.91.2
males13.414.113.914.714.114.414.90.80.3
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_li02, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 06/09/2018).

Risk of poverty by age - Belgium

percentage of population

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
<1815.918.118.317.318.017.818.61.21.5
18-6412.112.012.113.513.714.715.01.72.1
>6420.921.419.419.415.215.416.0-2.0-3.8
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_li02, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 06/09/2018).

Risk of poverty by education - Belgium

percentage of population aged 18 years and over

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
less than primary, primary and lower secondary education22.321.723.025.124.926.327.51.61.8
upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education11.811.510.712.213.614.114.31.53.2
tertiary education5.94.75.57.46.76.86.40.6-2.9
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_li07, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 26/09/2018).

Risk of poverty by household type - Belgium

percentage of population

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
single person21.222.018.820.221.221.821.90.31.6
single person with dependent children32.933.235.333.935.741.439.71.53.2
two adults14.512.013.214.310.411.511.8-1.6-3.8
two adults with one dependent child9.59.09.211.79.511.912.72.31.7
two adults with two dependent children8.39.710.68.29.38.28.50.20.7
two adults with three or more dependent children16.119.616.518.221.119.219.11.31.0
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_li03, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 06/09/2018).

Risk of poverty by activity status - Belgium

percentage of population aged 18 years and over

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
employed4.03.94.54.54.64.75.01.72.1
not employed23.523.722.324.723.224.525.10.50.3
unemployed27.930.730.434.840.745.949.14.47.1
retired17.919.116.116.712.413.313.7-2.0-3.9
other inactive27.425.625.829.531.533.334.11.72.9
//: Average Growth Rates

break in time series: 2013

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_li04, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 17/09/2018).

UN target: 10.2 - By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 10.2.1 - Proportion of people living below 50 per cent of median income, by age, sex and persons with disabilities.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 23/10/2018).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 23/10/2018).

More information is available in FR(ench) and NL (Dutch).