Assessment - Sustainable development indicators

In the Assessment - Sustainable development indicators, the Federal Planning Bureau assesses for Belgium the trends of 34 indicators towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). For 17 of these indicators, policy makers have set a target, a precise value to be reached within a determined time frame, by 2030 for most of the SDGs. For the other 17 indicators, the objective only consists in a desired direction.

The assessment result for each indicator is represented by an icon. More information on the assessment method is provided in the 2017 Federal Report on Sustainable Development, available in French and Dutch (see section 2.1).

The 2017 Assessment, made up of 34 sustainable development indicators, can be summarized as follows.


Result Trend assessment Total
towards target only desired direction
Favourable 5 7 12
Undetermined/impossible 1 7 8
Unfavourable 11 3 14
Total 17 17 34


The assessment table below gives access to detailed information on each indicator.


No poverty Risk of poverty or social exclusion
Over-indebtedness of households
Zero hunger Adult obesity
Organic agriculture area
Good health and well-being Premature deaths due to chronic diseases
Daily smokers
Quality education Early school leavers
Lifelong learning
Gender equality Gender pay gap
Female members of parliament
Clean water and sanitation Nitrates in river water
Water consumption
Affordable and clean energy Renewable energy
Energy intensity
Decent work and economic growth Unemployment rate
Youth not in employment, education or training
Industry, innovation and infrastructure Passenger transport by car
Research and development
Reduced inequalities Gini index 
Risk of poverty
Sustainable cities and communities Inadequate dwelling
Exposure to particulate matter
Responsible consumption and production Domestic material consumption
Municipal waste
Climate action Natural disaster victims
Greenhouse gas emissions non-ETS
Life below water Sustainable fisheries
Natura 2000 protected marine area
Life on land Natura 2000 protected land area
Farmland bird population
Peace, justice and strong institutions Security feeling in public spaces
Trust in institutions
Partnerships for the goals Official development assistance
Official development assistance to least developed countries