Energy productivity

In 2017, Belgiumʹs energy productivity amounted to 6,2 euro (chained euros, reference year 2010) per kilogram of oil equivalent (kgoe). To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must reach 11.1 €/kgoe. The Federal Planning Bureauʹs projections indicate that this objective will not be reached. Energy productivity is therefore developing unfavourably.

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The chart will appear within this DIV.

Energy productivity - Belgium - trend assessment

euro per kilogram of oil equivalent (chained euros, reference year 2010)

 200020052010201520162017202020252030
observations4.85.15.36.56.16.2------
trend and extrapolation4.85.15.66.26.36.46.77.07.1
objective 203011.111.111.111.111.111.111.111.111.1

Eurostat (2019), Energy productivity [sdg_07_30], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 05/04/2019).

Energy productivity - Belgium and international comparison

euro per kilogram of oil equivalent (chained euros, reference year 2010)

 20002005201020122015201620172017//20002017//2012
Belgium4.85.15.36.16.56.16.21.50.3
EU286.36.57.17.58.18.28.31.62.0
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2019), Energy productivity [sdg_07_30], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 05/04/2019).

Definition: energy productivity is the gross domestic product (GDP) per unit of gross available energy consumption. Gross available energy consumption (measured in kilograms of oil equivalent) is the primary energy consumption, to which are added the consumption of energy products for non-energy purposes (e.g. oil as a raw material in the chemical industry) and the sea bunkers (the fuel supplied to vessels for international trips). Gross domestic product (GDP) is measured in chain euros (reference year 2010); the evolution of GDP is thus examined after eliminating the changes in the prices of goods and services over time (i.e. inflation). The data come from Eurostat.

Goal: achieve an energy productivity of 11.1 euros per kilogram of oil equivalent by 2030.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 7.3: “By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency”.

This target is to double the global improvement in energy efficiency by 2030. Eurostat uses energy productivity to measure energy efficiency from a macroeconomic point of view, which is why this indicator is used here. The energy productivity target can be calculated by assuming that its growth rate should double compared to the 2000-2015 period. Calculated as such, energy productivity in Belgium should reach 11.1 euros per kilogram of oil equivalent by 2030.

International comparison: in 2017, energy productivity in the European Union (EU28) will be considerably higher than in Belgium: 8.3 against 6.2 euros per kilogram of oil equivalent. Over the whole period 2000-2017, the European indicator increased and the difference with Belgium remained relatively stable. While energy productivity in Belgium fell between 2015 and 2017, it continued to rise in the EU28. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with average performances in 2017 and lags behind the European average.

UN indicator: the selected indicator is related to indicator 7.3.1 -Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and GDP. Energy productivity is the opposite of energy intensity.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).