Energy dependence

In 2016, Belgiumʹs energy dependence, the ratio between net energy imports and energy consumption, amounted to 76%. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must decrease.

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Energy dependence - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of energy consumption

//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2018), Energy dependence [sdg_07_50], (consulted on 28/09/2018).

Definition: energy dependence is calculated as the ratio between net energy imports (imports less exports) and energy consumption in Belgium. This consumption is the sum of the gross domestic energy consumption (mainly made up of the energy production in Belgium and imports, less exports) and marine bunkers (fuel provided to ships for international journeys). Data are obtained from Eurostat.

Goal: the energy dependence of Belgium must decrease.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include goal 7: “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all”.

The Federal Long-Term Strategic Vision for Sustainable Development includes objective 20: “The security of energy supply shall be ensured” (Belgian Official Gazette, 08/10/2013).

International comparison: comparing the energy dependence of Belgium and that of the European Union (EU28) shows that the latter is much less dependent on imports: 53.6% in 2016. Since 2006 and unlike Belgium, the indicator remained relatively stable at EU28 level. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the least performing group in 2016.

UN indicator: the selected indicator does not correspond to any monitoring indicator for the SDGs but is related to goal 7. Energy dependence is a major challenge for countries having few energy resources, like Belgium. Reducing energy dependence allows, among other things, to ensure a reliable energy supply.


  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: (consulted on 23/10/2018).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: (consulted on 23/10/2018).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).