Gender pay gap

In 2017, the average hourly wage for women in Belgium was 6.0% lower than that for men. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must be reduced to zero percent. This objective will not be reached by continuing the trend since 2007. The gender pay gap is therefore developing unfavourably.

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Gender pay gap in average hourly wages - Belgium - trend assessment

percentage difference for women relative to men

 20072010201520162017202020252030
observations10.110.26.56.16.0------
trend and extrapolation11.09.36.76.25.85.04.23.7
objective 20300.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2017), European Union Structure of Earnings Survey (EU-LFS), tsdsc340, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 20/11/2017) & calculations FPB.

Gender pay gap in average hourly wages - Belgium and international comparison

percentage difference for women relative to men

 2007201020112012201320142015201620172017//20072017//2012
Belgium10.110.29.48.37.56.66.56.16.0-5.1-6.3
EU28--17.117.117.416.816.616.516.316.0---1.7
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Structure of Earnings Survey (EU-SES), tsdsc340, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 02/10/2018).

Gender pay gap in annual wages - Belgium

percentage difference for women relative to men

 1998200020052009201020112012201320142014//19982014//2009
Belgium27.426.425.022.822.822.021.820.920.6-1.8-2.0
//: Average Growth Rates

Institute for the Equality of Women and Men, Federal Public Service Employment, Labour and Social Dialogue, Federal Public Service Economy, Federal Planning Bureau (2017), L'écart salarial entre les femmes et les hommes en Belgique - Rapport 2017.

Definition: the gap between women's and men's average hourly wage is expressed as a percentage of men's average hourly wage. The data are based on the European Structure of Earnings Survey. Statbel organises this EU-harmonised survey in Belgium and makes the results available, in particular to Eurostat. The data used here come from Eurostat, which publishes detailed and comparable results between EU Member States. Since these data are based on surveys, a margin of uncertainty must be taken into account. The confidence intervals for these data are available on request from Statbel.

Goal: the gap between the average hourly wage of women and men must be reduced to zero percent.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 5.1: ‘End all forms of discrimination against women and girls everywhere.

International comparison: the wage gap in Belgium is lower than the average in Europe (EU28:16.0%). This gap is increasing, from 6.9 percentage points in 2010 to 10.0 percentage points in 2017. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with the best performance in 2014.

UN indicator: the selected indicator does not correspond to any monitoring indicator for the SDGs but is related to target 5.1. Measuring the development in equal pay indicators makes it possible to monitor the reduction in discrimination against women.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).