Daily smokers

In 2015, in Belgium 18.1% of the population aged 15 and over smoked daily. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must be reduced to 13.1%. This objective will not be reached by continuing the trend since 2000. The proportion of daily smokers is therefore developing unfavourably.

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Daily smokers - Belgium - trend assessment

percentage of population aged 15 years and over

 2000200520102015202020252030
observations23.521.519.818.1------
trend and extrapolation23.521.519.818.117.016.416.0
objective 203013.113.113.113.113.113.113.1

WIV-ISP; WHO (2015), WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco smoking 2015, http://www.who.int/ (consulted on 01/12/2017) & calculations FPB.

Daily smokers - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of population aged 15 years and over, fitted trends

 20002005201020152015//20002015//2010
Belgium23.521.519.818.1-1.7-1.8
Germany24.823.521.920.7-1.2-1.1
France25.323.621.920.5-1.4-1.3
Netherlands25.422.820.318.0-2.3-2.4
//: Average Growth Rates

WIV-ISP; WHO (2015), WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco smoking 2015, http://www.who.int/ (consulted on 01/12/2017).

Daily smokers by sex - Belgium

percentage of population aged 15 years and over

 199720012004200820132013//19972013//2008
females19.719.919.717.716.4-1.1-1.5
males31.228.628.023.621.6-2.3-1.8
//: Average Growth Rates

Scientific Institute of Public Health (2014), Gisle L., La consommation de tabac, in: Gisle L., Demarest S. (éd.), Enquête de santé 2013. Rapport 2: Comportements de santé et style de vie, WIV-ISP, Bruxelles; Scientific Institute of Public Health (2017), Belgian Health Interview Survey - Interactive Analysis, https://hisia.wiv-isp.be/ (consulted on 23/11/2017).

Daily smokers by education - Belgium

percentage of population aged 15 years and over

 199720012004200820132013//19972013//2008
primary education26.321.125.422.118.4-2.2-3.6
lower secondary education32.027.528.129.126.0-1.3-2.2
higher secondary education27.127.327.325.125.6-0.40.4
higher education20.020.718.113.111.8-3.2-2.1
//: Average Growth Rates

Scientific Institute of Public Health (2014), Gisle L., La consommation de tabac, in: Gisle L., Demarest S. (éd.), Enquête de santé 2013. Rapport 2: Comportements de santé et style de vie, WIV-ISP, Bruxelles; Scientific Institute of Public Health (2017), Belgian Health Interview Survey - Interactive Analysis, https://hisia.wiv-isp.be/ (consulted on 23/11/2017).

Daily smokers by income - Belgium

percentage of population aged 15 years and over

 199720012004200820132013//19972013//2008
quintile 128.027.028.626.224.4-0.9-1.4
quintile 226.523.325.622.221.5-1.3-0.6
quintile 328.325.223.021.021.3-1.80.3
quintile 424.223.423.320.818.4-1.7-2.4
quintile 519.323.119.514.311.6-3.1-4.1
//: Average Growth Rates

Scientific Institute of Public Health (2014), Gisle L., La consommation de tabac, in: Gisle L., Demarest S. (éd.), Enquête de santé 2013. Rapport 2: Comportements de santé et style de vie, WIV-ISP, Bruxelles; Scientific Institute of Public Health (2017), Belgian Health Interview Survey - Interactive Analysis, https://hisia.wiv-isp.be/ (consulted on 23/11/2017).

Definition: share of the population aged 15 and over reporting daily smoking. The data come from the National Health Surveys carried out by the Scientific Institute of Public Health / Sciensano that makes them available, in particular to the WHO. The data used here are drawn from the WHO Report, which publishes comparable results across countries. The data from the National Health Surveys carried out by the Scientific Institute of Public Health / Sciensano are used for the breakdowns since they are more detailed. For the 1997 Belgian health survey, 10 221 people were interviewed; for the 2001 survey: 12,111; for the 2004 survey: 12,650; for the 2008 survey: 8,836 and in 2013, 10,834 people. Since these data are based on surveys, a margin of uncertainty should be taken into account. The Sciensano website presents these data with their confidence intervals.

Goal: the share of daily smokers must be reduced to 13.1% by 2030.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 3.a: "Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate".

The 2013 World Health Assembly (WHO, 2013) adopted a "Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases 2013-2020” which includes as global target a "relative reduction by 30% in prevalence of current tobacco use among people aged 15 years or older” by 2025. Considering that the WHO global target is enforceable in each country, the share of daily smokers, which was 18.8% in Belgium in 2013, should reach 13.1% in 2025, which requires a considerable acceleration (from -1.7% per year to -3% per year) in the rate of decline of this indicator. As no target is available for 2030, it is considered that this ambitious reduction target for the daily smokers remains the one to be achieved by 2030.

International comparison: countries close to Belgium have an equivalent proportion of smokers and show a similar trend, i.e. a slow decrease. It should be noticed that the share of smokers in the population aged 15 and over is smaller in Belgium than in its neighbouring countries over the entire period considered.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 3.a.1 - Age-standardized prevalence of current tobacco use among persons aged 15 years and older (comparative rates by age).

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).