Limitations in usual activities

In 2017, 24.9% of the population aged 16 and over in Belgium report being more or less severely restricted in their usual activities due to a health problem. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must decrease.

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Limitations in usual activities - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 2005201020122015201620172017//20052017//2012
Belgium23.923.321.923.624.924.90.32.5
EU28--25.026.325.324.1------
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium (2018), direct communication (19/06/2018) and Eurostat (2018), Self-perceived long-standing limitations in usual activities due to health problem [hlth_silc_12], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 14/09/2018).

Limitations in usual activities by sex - Belgium

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 2005201020122015201620172017//20052017//2012
females26.926.624.026.027.227.10.12.4
males20.719.819.721.022.422.50.72.7
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium (2018), direct communication (19/06/2018).

Limitations in usual activities by age - Belgium

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 2005201020122015201620172017//20052017//2012
<257.87.57.67.56.99.41.64.4
25-4916.014.913.715.416.015.90.03.0
50-6429.227.226.329.730.829.60.12.4
>6447.047.143.142.644.744.0-0.60.4
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium (2018), direct communication (19/06/2018).

Limitations in usual activities by income - Belgium

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 2005201020122015201620172017//20052017//2012
quintile 134.735.133.736.936.634.90.00.7
quintile 231.433.331.531.334.835.81.12.6
quintile 322.421.318.623.323.324.60.85.7
quintile 417.115.114.915.316.116.8-0.12.5
quintile 514.312.611.311.513.312.2-1.31.6
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium (2018), direct communication (19/06/2018).

Definition: the share of the population aged 16 and over that reports being more or less severely restricted in their usual activities due to a health problem. The data come from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey. The limitation in question must have been felt at least during the six months preceding the survey. The participants have a choice between three answers to the question on this limitation: not at all limited, limited, but not severely, or severely limited. The last two answers are added for this indicator. Statbel organises this EU-harmonised survey in Belgium and makes the results available, in particular to Eurostat. The data used here for Belgium come directly from Statistics Belgium and the data used for comparison with the rest of the EU come from Eurostat. Since these data are based on surveys, a margin of uncertainty must be taken into account. The confidence intervals for these data are available on request from Statbel.

Goal: the share of the population aged 16 and over that reports being limited in their usual activities due to a health problem must decrease.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include goal 3: “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.” Not having limitations in usual activities contributes to health and well-being.

International comparison: between 2010 and 2016, the evolutions in Belgium and the European Union are different for this indicator. Between 2010 and 2014, the proportion of the population reporting being restricted in their daily activities increased faster in the EU28 than in Belgium. Between 2014 and 2016, the indicator fell in the EU28 while it rose in Belgium. In 2016, the proportion of the population reporting being limited in their daily activities is lower in the EU28 than in Belgium (by 0.8 percentage points), whereas the opposite was true before 2016. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group that has average performance and is below the European average in 2016.

UN indicator: the selected indicator does not correspond to any monitoring indicator for the SDGs but is related to objective 3 since the absence of limitation in daily activities is a measure of the overall health of the population.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 23/10/2018).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 23/10/2018).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).