Limitations in usual activities

In 2020, 25.0% of the population aged 16 and over in Belgium report being more or less severely restricted in their usual activities due to a health problem. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must decrease.

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Limitations in usual activities - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 200520102015201920202020//20052020//20152019//2010
Belgium23.923.323.627.225.00.31.21.7
EU27--25.725.724.2-------0.7
//: Average Growth Rates

break in series: BE 2019; data collection BE 2020 disrupted by the Covid-19 pandemic

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2021), Self-perceived long-standing limitations in usual activities due to health problem [hlth_silc_12], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 21/06/2021).

Limitations in usual activities by region - Belgium

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 2019
Brussels-Capital Region26.1
Flemish Region25.8
Walloon Region30.0

The margin of uncertainty for this indicator is indicated in the text for the latest year.

Statistics Belgium (2020), direct communication (30/10/2020).

Limitations in usual activities by sex - Belgium

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 200520102015201920202020//20052020//2015
females26.926.626.028.926.90.00.7
males20.719.821.025.323.10.71.9
//: Average Growth Rates

break in series: 2019; data collection 2020 disrupted by the Covid-19 pandemic

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2021), Self-perceived long-standing limitations in usual activities due to health problem [hlth_silc_12], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 21/06/2021).

Limitations in usual activities by age - Belgium

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 2005201020142015201820192019//20052019//2014
<257.87.58.87.510.59.01.10.4
25-4916.014.916.415.415.617.20.50.9
50-6429.227.228.229.730.934.51.24.1
>6447.047.144.242.643.746.2-0.10.9
//: Average Growth Rates

break in series: 2019

Statistics Belgium (2020), direct communication (30/10/2020).

Limitations in usual activities by income - Belgium

percentage of population aged 16 years and over

 200520102015201920202020//20052020//2015
quintile 134.735.136.942.541.71.22.5
quintile 231.433.331.334.734.00.51.7
quintile 322.421.323.326.021.4-0.3-1.7
quintile 417.115.115.318.816.7-0.11.8
quintile 514.312.611.514.611.7-1.30.3
//: Average Growth Rates

break in series: 2019; data collection 2020 disrupted by the Covid-19 pandemic

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2021), Self-perceived long-standing limitations in usual activities due to health problem [hlth_silc_12], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 21/06/2021).

Definition: the share of the population aged 16 and over that reports being more or less severely restricted in their usual activities due to a health problem. The data come from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey. The limitation in question must have been felt at least during the six months preceding the survey. The participants have a choice between three answers to the question on this limitation: not at all limited, limited, but not severely, or severely limited. The last two answers are added for this indicator. Statistics Belgium organises this EU-harmonised survey in Belgium and makes the results available, in particular to Eurostat. The data used here for Belgium come directly from Statistics Belgium and the data used for comparison with the rest of the EU come from Eurostat. Since these data are based on surveys, a margin of uncertainty must be taken into account. The confidence intervals for these data are available on request from Statistics Belgium.

Data for 2019 and 2020 are difficult to compare with each other and are not comparable with data up to 2018. From 2019 onwards, the survey methodology has been thoroughly reviewed for better accuracy. In 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic disrupted data collection. Detailed information on these questions is available on the Statistics Belgium website (Statbel, 2021).

Goal: the share of the population aged 16 and over that reports being limited in their usual activities due to a health problem must decrease.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include goal 3: "Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages". Not having limitations in usual activities contributes to health and well-being.

International comparison: the share of the population that reports being limited in their usual activities in 2019 is higher in Belgium (27.2%) than in the EU27 (24.2%). When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group that has average performance and is below the European average in 2019.

UN indicator: the selected indicator does not correspond to any monitoring indicator for the SDGs but is related to objective 3 since the absence of limitation in daily activities is a measure of the overall health of the population.

Sources

More information is available in French and Dutch.