Premature deaths due to chronic diseases

In 2015, there were 104.3 deaths in Belgium per 100,000 under-65-year-old inhabitants due to chronic diseases. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must be reduced to 68.6. This objective will not be reached by continuing the trend since 2003. The number of premature deaths due to chronic diseases is therefore developing unfavourably.

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Premature deaths due to chronic diseases - Belgium - trend assessment

crude death rate per 100,000 inhabitants of less than 65 years

 2003200520102015202020252030
observations122.9121.2--104.3------
trend and extrapolation123.7121.3114.1104.297.293.491.2
objective 203068.668.668.668.668.668.668.6

The available data for 2010 is incorrect.

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019), Causes of death [hlth_cd_acdr, hlth_cd_acdr2], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 08/04/2019) & calculations FPB.

Premature deaths due to chronic diseases - Belgium and international comparison

crude death rate per 100,000 inhabitants of less than 65 years

 200320052009201120152015//20032015//2011
Belgium122.9121.2118.7112.2104.3-1.4-1.8
EU28------131.3124.6---1.3
//: Average Growth Rates

The available data for 2010 is incorrect.

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019), Causes of death [hlth_cd_acdr, hlth_cd_acdr2], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 08/04/2019).

Premature deaths due to chronic diseases by sex - Belgium

crude death rate per 100,000 inhabitants of less than 65 years

 200320052009201120152015//20032015//2011
females91.691.093.292.385.9-0.5-1.8
males153.5150.5144.1131.7122.3-1.9-1.8
//: Average Growth Rates

The available data for 2010 is incorrect.

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2019), Causes of death [hlth_cd_acdr, hlth_cd_acdr2], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 08/04/2019).

Definition: the number of premature deaths (before the age of 65) due to chronic diseases per 100,000 inhabitants is calculated on the basis of death certificate data, including deaths due to malignant tumours (C00-C97), diabetes mellitus (E10-E14), ischemic heart diseases (I20-I25), cerebrovascular diseases (I60-I69), chronic lower respiratory diseases (J40-J47) and chronic liver diseases (K70, K73-K74). The codes in brackets are taken from the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (CIM-10). Statbel collects these data in Belgium and makes them available, in particular to Eurostat. The data used here come from Eurostat, which publishes detailed and comparable results between EU Member States, except for the breakdowns by gender, for which the data published by Statbel are used. The 65-year threshold was chosen because this indicator is published as such by Eurostat. In the literature, the threshold for premature death is not precisely defined. It also differs from country to country. In Europe, values from 65 and 80 are often used.

Goal: By 2030, the number of premature deaths due to chronic diseases should not exceed 68.6 deaths per 100,000 people under the age of 65.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 3.4: “By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.

This UN target requires to reduce by one third premature deaths among people under 65 by 2030, in comparison with 2015. In 2015, the last year for which data are available for Belgium, this death rate was 104.3 deaths per 100,000 people under the age of 65. This indicator should thus not exceed 68.6 by 2030.

International comparison: The number of deaths per 100,000 inhabitants is higher in the EU28 than in Belgium and the difference is stable, going from 19 in 2011 to 20 in 2015. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with the best performance in 2015.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 3.4.1 - Mortality rate attributed to cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 26/04/2019).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).