Organic agriculture area

In 2017, organic farming in Belgium occupied 6.3% of the agricultural area. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must increase. This objective will be reached by continuing the trend since 2003. The area of organic agriculture is therefore developing favourably.

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Organic agriculture area - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of agricultural area

//: Average Growth Rates

Calculations FPB based on Statistics Belgium (2018), Chiffres-clés de l'agriculture 2010-2017 and Agriculture biologique, and on Eurostat (2019), Organic crop area by agricultural production methods and crops [org_cropar] and Land use: number of farms and areas of different crops by type of farming [ef_oluft], (consulted on 01/04/2019).

Definition: the share of the agricultural area used in organic farming in relation to the total agricultural area. “Organic production is an overall system of farm management and food production that combines best environmental practices, a high level of biodiversity, the preservation of natural resources, the application of high animal welfare standards and a production method in line with the preference of certain consumers for products produced using natural substances and processes” (Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 on organic production; Official Journal of the European Union, 20/7/2007). This indicator is calculated by the FPB on the basis of data from Statbel for Belgium and from Eurostat for the other European countries.

Goal: the share of land used for organic farming must increase.

The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs adopted by the UN in 2015 include target 2.4: “By 2030 ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters, and that progressively improve land and soil quality".

The Federal Long-Term Strategic Vision for Sustainable Development contains objective 28: “The social and ecological impact of our production and consumption patterns in terms of food will be considerably reduced” (Belgian Official Gazette, 08/10/2013).

International comparison: the share of land used in organic farming in relation to the total agricultural area in Belgium is lower than the European average. When Member States are divided into three groups, Belgium is part of the group with average performances in 2017 and lags behind the European average.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 2.4.1 - Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture.


  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: (consulted on 26/04/2019).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: (consulted on 26/04/2019).

More information is available in FR (French) and NL (Dutch).