Risk of poverty or social exclusion

In 2016, 20.7% of the Belgian population was at risk of poverty or social exclusion. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must be reduced to 10.6%. The Federal Planning Bureauʹs projections indicate that this objective will not be reached. The risk of poverty or social exclusion is therefore developing unfavourably.

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TREND ASSESSMENT: Risk of poverty or social exclusion - Belgium

percentage of total population

 20042005201020152016202020252030
observations21.622.620.821.120.7------
projection (observations until 2015)--------20.218.517.116.4
objective 203010.610.610.610.610.610.610.610.6

projection takes into account observations until 2015

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2017), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps01, ilc_peps02, ilc_peps03, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 08/11/2017) & Frère (2016), The population at risk of poverty or social exclusion in Belgium - Projection until 2030, Working paper 12-16, Federal Planning Bureau.

Risk of poverty or social exclusion

percentage of total population

 2004200520102011201220132014201520162016//20042016//2011
Belgium21.622.620.821.021.620.821.221.120.7-0.4-0.3
EU-28----23.724.324.724.624.423.823.5---0.7
//: average growth rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2017), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps01, ilc_peps02, ilc_peps03, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 08/11/2017).

Risk of poverty or social exclusion by sex - Belgium

percentage of total population

 2004200520102011201220132014201520162016//20042016//2011
females22.923.721.721.522.321.221.522.222.0-0.30.5
males20.321.420.020.420.920.420.920.019.4-0.4-1.0
//: average growth rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2017), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps01, ilc_peps02, ilc_peps03, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 08/11/2017).

Risk of poverty or social exclusion by age - Belgium

percentage of total population

 2004200520102011201220132014201520162016//20042016//2011
<1822.723.723.223.322.821.923.223.321.6-0.4-1.5
18-6421.221.920.020.021.320.821.621.721.70.21.6
>6422.023.321.021.621.219.517.316.216.4-2.4-5.4
//: average growth rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2017), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps01, ilc_peps02, ilc_peps03, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 08/11/2017).

Risk of poverty or social exclusion by household type - Belgium

percentage of total population

 2004200520102011201220132014201520162016//20042016//2011
single person34.035.430.631.430.833.533.031.530.9-0.8-0.3
single person with dependent children57.851.749.652.952.454.551.448.953.0-0.70.0
two adults23.322.320.119.920.118.316.215.617.4-2.4-2.6
two adults with one dependent child12.713.513.012.315.813.413.912.913.20.31.4
two adults with two dependent children10.711.612.010.010.18.612.912.29.5-1.0-1.0
two adults with three or more dependent children20.523.420.619.421.723.421.524.122.00.62.5
//: average growth rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2017), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps01, ilc_peps02, ilc_peps03, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 08/11/2017).

Risk of poverty or social exclusion by activity status - Belgium

percentage of total population aged 18 years and over

 2004200520102011201220132014201520162016//20042016//2011
employed5.76.36.56.16.66.06.76.16.30.80.6
not employed36.637.933.834.635.835.534.834.633.8-0.7-0.5
unemployed60.264.153.456.557.769.863.667.666.20.83.2
retired22.023.819.720.119.919.417.216.316.4-2.4-4.0
other inactive41.841.041.441.844.645.547.147.447.61.12.6
//: average growth rates

break in time series: 2013

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2017), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps01, ilc_peps02, ilc_peps03, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 08/11/2017).

Risk of poverty or social exclusion by income - Belgium

percentage of total population

 2004200520102011201220132014201520162016//20042016//2011
quintile 180.482.681.282.783.382.484.082.384.50.40.4
quintile 216.817.614.913.816.514.614.715.113.2-2.0-0.9
quintile 37.57.64.45.05.14.45.05.64.0-5.1-4.4
quintile 42.63.52.22.22.11.91.51.71.2-6.2-11.4
quintile 50.91.61.51.31.41.11.00.80.6-3.3-14.3
//: average growth rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2017), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps01, ilc_peps02, ilc_peps03, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 08/11/2017).

This text is based on the Statistical Annex of the Voluntary National Review of Belgium (VNR) presented to the July 2017 United Nations High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development.

VNR Indicator: Risk of poverty or social exclusion, percentage of total population

Definition: population at risk of poverty or social exclusion, as a percentage of total population. This population is at least in one of the following conditions: at-risk-of-poverty after social transfers (income poverty), severely materially deprived or living in households with very low work intensity.

Objective: assuming Target 1.2 applies equally to each country, this indicator should decrease from 21.1% in 2015 to 10.6% in 2030.

UN Target 1.2: By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions

UNSTAT Indicator 1.2.2: Proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions