Research and development

In 2016, research and development expenditures in Belgium amounted to 2.5% of gross domestic product. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, these expenditures must be increased to 3%. This objective will be reached by continuing the trend since 2000. Research and development expenditures are therefore developing favourably.

The chart will appear within this DIV.
The chart will appear within this DIV.

Research and development - Belgium - trend assessment

gross domestic expenditure in percentage of GDP

 20002005201020152016202020252030
observations1.91.82.12.52.5------
trend and extrapolation (observations until 2015)1.91.92.12.52.62.83.13.2
objective 2020 and beyond3.03.03.03.03.03.03.03.0

trend and extrapolation take into account observations until 2015

Eurostat (2018), Intramural R&D expenditure (GERD) by sectors of performance [rd_e_gerdtot], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 17/10/2018) and calculations FPB.

Research and development - Belgium and international comparison

gross domestic expenditure in percentage of GDP

 19952000200520102011201520162016//19952016//2011
Belgium1.61.91.82.12.22.52.52.02.9
EU28--1.81.71.92.02.02.0--0.6
//: Average Growth Rates

Eurostat (2018), Intramural R&D expenditure (GERD) by sectors of performance [rd_e_gerdtot], https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 17/10/2018).

UN target: 9.5 - Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 9.5.1 - Research and development expenditure as a proportion of GDP.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 23/10/2018).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 23/10/2018).

This indicator is also included in another database of the Federal Planning Bureau, additionally providing regional data for Belgium: the indicators of the innovation system.

More information is available in FR(ench) and NL (Dutch).