Unemployment rate

In 2017, the unemployment rate in Belgium amounted to 7.1%. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must be reduced. The trend since 2000 is undetermined.

The chart will appear within this DIV.
The chart will appear within this DIV.
The chart will appear within this DIV.
The chart will appear within this DIV.
The chart will appear within this DIV.

Unemployment rate - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of active population

 1990199520002005201020122015201620172017//19902017//2012
Belgium7.39.36.68.58.37.68.57.87.1-0.1-1.4
EU28------8.99.510.49.48.67.6---6.1
//: Average Growth Rates

break in time series for 2001 and for Belgium only for 2005, 2011 and 2017

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS), lfsa_urgaed , https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 18/09/2018).

Unemployment rate by sex - Belgium

percentage of active population

 1992199520002005201020122015201620172017//19922017//2012
females9.512.28.39.58.57.47.87.67.1-1.2-0.8
males4.87.35.37.68.17.79.18.17.11.6-1.6
//: Average Growth Rates

break in time series : 1999, 2001, 2005, 2011, 2017

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS), lfsa_urgaed , https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 18/09/2018).

Unemployment rate by age - Belgium

percentage of active population

 1990199520002005201020122015201620172017//19902017//2012
15-2414.521.515.221.522.419.822.120.119.31.1-0.5
25-546.58.35.87.47.36.77.77.16.2-0.2-1.5
55-643.64.03.24.44.64.55.65.75.91.85.6
//: Average Growth Rates

break in time series: 1999, 2001, 2005, 2011, 2017; data for category 55-64 years for 2000, 2001 and 2003 are uncertain

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS), lfsa_urgaed , https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 18/09/2018).

Unemployment rate by education - Belgium

percentage of active population

 1992199520002005201020122015201620172017//19922017//2012
less than primary, primary and lower secondary education9.413.710.313.915.314.016.815.914.61.80.8
upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education6.59.46.88.58.17.88.78.17.10.4-1.9
tertiary education3.03.92.74.44.53.94.64.24.31.52.0
//: Average Growth Rates

break in time series: 1992, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2005, 2008, 2011, 2014, 2017

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS), lfsa_urgaed , https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 18/09/2018).

Long-term unemployment rate - Belgium

percentage of active population

 199920002005201020122015201620172017//19992017//2012
long-term unemployment4.93.84.44.03.44.44.03.5-1.90.6
//: Average Growth Rates

break in time series: 1999, 2001, 2017

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS), une_ltu_a, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 18/09/2018).

UN target: 8.5 - By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 8.5.2 - Unemployment rate, by sex, age and persons with disabilities.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 23/10/2018).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 23/10/2018).

This indicator is also included in another database of the Federal Planning Bureau, additionally providing regional data for Belgium: the indicators of the innovation system.

More information is available in FR(ench) and NL (Dutch).