Risk of poverty or social exclusion

In 2017, 20.3% of the Belgian population was at risk of poverty or social exclusion. To achieve the sustainable development goal by 2030, this figure must be reduced to 10.6%. The Federal Planning Bureauʹs projections, based on 2015 observations, indicate that this objective will not be reached. Based on this projection the risk of poverty or social exclusion is developing unfavourably. A following evaluation is foreseen for mid-2019.

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Risk of poverty or social exclusion - Belgium - trend assessment

percentage of population

 200420052010201520162017202020252030
observations21.622.620.821.120.720.3------
projection (observations until 2015)----------------16.4
objective 203010.610.610.610.610.610.610.610.610.6

projection takes into account observations until 2015

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 06/09/2018) & Frère (2016), The population at risk of poverty or social exclusion in Belgium - Projection until 2030, Working paper 12-16, Federal Planning Bureau.

Risk of poverty or social exclusion - Belgium and international comparison

percentage of population

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
Belgium21.622.620.821.621.120.720.3-0.5-1.2
EU28----23.824.823.823.5------
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 06/09/2018).

Risk of poverty or social exclusion by sex - Belgium

percentage of population

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
females22.923.721.722.322.222.021.4-0.5-0.8
males20.321.420.020.920.019.419.1-0.5-1.8
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 06/09/2018).

Risk of poverty or social exclusion by age - Belgium

percentage of population

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
<1822.723.723.222.823.321.622.0-0.2-0.7
18-6421.221.920.021.321.721.720.7-0.2-0.6
>6422.023.321.021.216.216.417.1-1.9-4.2
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps01, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 06/09/2018).

Risk of poverty or social exclusion by education - Belgium

percentage of population aged 18 years or over

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
less than primary, primary and lower secondary education32.332.132.434.935.434.334.20.4-0.4
upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education19.119.417.218.319.819.919.50.21.3
tertiary education10.010.09.011.410.510.19.1-0.7-4.4
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps04, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 26/09/2018).

Risk of poverty or social exclusion by household type - Belgium

percentage of population

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
single person34.035.430.630.831.530.930.4-0.9-0.3
single person with dependent children57.851.749.652.448.953.049.7-1.2-1.1
two adults23.322.320.120.115.617.416.7-2.5-3.6
two adults with one dependent child12.713.513.015.812.913.215.11.3-0.9
two adults with two dependent children10.711.612.010.112.29.510.90.11.5
two adults with three or more dependent children20.523.420.621.724.122.020.50.0-1.1
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps03, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 06/09/2018).

Risk of poverty or social exclusion by activity status - Belgium

percentage of population aged 18 years and over

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
employed5.76.36.56.66.16.36.40.9-0.6
not employed36.637.933.835.834.633.833.0-0.8-1.6
unemployed60.264.153.457.767.666.265.90.72.7
retired22.023.819.719.916.316.416.3-2.3-3.9
other inactive41.841.041.444.647.447.646.70.90.9
//: Average Growth Rates

break in time series: 2013

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps02, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 06/09/2018).

Risk of poverty or social exclusion by income - Belgium

percentage of population

 20042005201020122015201620172017//20042017//2012
quintile 180.482.681.283.382.384.584.80.40.4
quintile 216.817.614.916.515.113.211.6-2.8-6.8
quintile 37.57.64.45.15.64.03.3-6.1-8.3
quintile 42.63.52.22.11.71.21.3-5.2-9.1
quintile 50.91.61.51.40.80.60.8-0.9-10.6
//: Average Growth Rates

Statistics Belgium; Eurostat (2018), European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), ilc_peps03, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (consulted on 06/09/2018).

UN target: 1.2 - By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions.

UN indicator: the selected indicator corresponds to indicator 1.2.2 - Proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions.

Sources

  • SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals: United Nations (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015, document A/RES/70/1.

  • Indicators: United Nations (2017), Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, document A/RES/71/313.

  • UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ (consulted on 23/10/2018).

  • Sustainable Development Goal indicators website: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/ (consulted on 23/10/2018).

More information is available in FR(ench) and NL (Dutch).